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MS - DOS Learn @ Online

MS - DOS [only +Manandari.In ]

Microsoft disk operating system.

Command : 
     Set of instructions called as command. Commands are true two types in MS-DOS

1. Internal Commands
2. External Commands.

1) Internal Commands :
     The commands which are loaded into the system when the operating is loaded.

1) data
2) time
3) volume
4) version
5) clr
6) copy can
7) Type
8) DIR
9) Ren
10) copy
11) DEL
12) MD
13) CD

How to Enter into DOS
Start> Run  
Type "command" > click on ok

Next ..

c:\> windows\desktop>cd\ [hit enter button]
c. Prompt

1. Date :

This command is used to display and set the system date.
example : c:\> Date [hit enter button]
current date is 00/00/0000
Enter new date C MM/DD/YY/ 12/03/2013
c:\> date [hit enter button] 

Now you can check your exact time and date.

2. TIME :

This command is used to display and set the system time.

Example : c:\> Time [hit enter button]
current time is 6:00
Enter new Time 6:30 [hit enter button]

to check results type again

c:\> TIME [hit enter button]

Keep in touch with my blog to learn more about MS-DOS and more valuable things & about computer and internet.

Author of this article : Anirudh Kumar
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Why are websites providing free e-mail service ?

In the internet mostly all email providing websites are commercial purpose. May be there are non-commercial email service providers. But, I'm not sure. Everyone thinks that is "Why the email providing websites are providing free email service?". Its common. If we think we can guess why they are providing. I writing here as per my knowledge. In view of my point these all free email service providing websites wants plenty users, in this case they are attracting users by offering free email service. To say in simple words they want to increase their website's circulation. Email providing is one of the option to get their website become popular. I think you are getting doubt 'if they give email service to us, how will they get traffic?'. I have answer for it. 

For example: If a person want to create an email account, he goes to create an email ID on which is the providing free email service. He went and creates an email account for him. After that, to communicate his friends he gives his email ID to his friends. here is a small trick. It is in our email after the "@" symbol there will be domain name. Through that domain his friends will knows automatically about that website and they will also create an email account for them. Its like a chine system.

My suggestion to you: If you want to create an email account for your official purpose, create it only on safe and secured sites. Don't create your your official ID in small and little and non-trusted websites. And I strongly recommend you that use the pro email service for you official purpose.

Author of this article : Anirudh Kumar
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Important Internet Glossary

Glossary - Important Internet Glossary (by me)

protocol : The preferred or standard way of doing things. In computer terms, computers can only talk to each other if both follow the same protocols.

remote : Any computer other than your own "local" PC. The Internet gives you access to remote computers.

right-drag : To drag an item using the secondary (right) mouse button rather than the primary (left) mouse button.

ROTEL : Rolling on the floor laughing.

RTFM : Read the manual. (I've left out the "F" because we can't print that word in a book like this! )

server : A computer that sits on the Internet and "server up" Web pages or other information to clients.

SMTP : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, the protocol used for sending e-mail over the Internet.

spam : Junk mail. "Spamming" is using the Internet to send out jund e-mail.

Start button T1 thru T3 : High-speed lines used by ISPs and large businesses to maintain a fast, full-time connection to the Internet.

taskbar : A bar that contains the Start button, indicators, and more. Generally appears along the bottom edge of the screen.

TLA : Thanks in advance.

upload : To copy a file from your PC to same other computer, parhaps a computer on the Internet.

URL : Uniform Resource Locator, the "address" of a Web site. For example, is a URL.

WAN : A Wide Area Network, such as the Internet.

Web browser : A program that lets you visit Web sites on the Internet. Microsoft Internet Explorer is the browser that comes with Windows 98.

Web page : A page of information stored on the Internet that anyone on the Internet can visit using their Web browser.

Web site : A place on the Internet that you can visit using a Web browser. Each Web site has its own unique URL (address).

Web view : A navigation option that lets you open icons by clicking them once.

Windows 98 Desktop : The main screen you see after starting your PC and waiting for Windows to kick in.

Wizard : Step-by-step instructions presented by Windows to make it easier to use more advanced features.

World Wide Web : One of the most popular services of Internet, home to all those addresses.

by Anirudh Kumar
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Glossary & Internet (Learn Web Knowledge) - 3rd Post

Glossary & Internet [3rd post by me]

Internet Service Provider : A company that can give you access to the Internet from your home or office. Abbreviated ISP.
intranet : a small local area network within an office or building that has the same look and feel as the Internet.

IRC : Internet Relay Chat, the protocol used for chatting on the Internet.

ISP : Short for Internet Service Provider, a business that can give you access to the Internet from your PC.

JAVA : A programming language used to create programs and small applets for Web pages.

K, Kb : An abbreviation for kilobyte.

kilobyte : About 1,000 bytes (1,024 to be exact).

LAN : Local Area Network, a small collection of interconnected computers in an office or building.

link : Short for "hyperlink", a hot spot on a Web page that you can click to visit another Web page.

local : Your PC and anything that happens on your PC (as opposed to remote).

LOL : Laughing out loud.

M, Mb, meg : Abbreviation for megabyte.

maximize : To expand to full-screen size, either by clicking the maximize button or double-clicking the title bar.

megabyte : about a million bytes.

menu : A list of options to choose from.

modem : A gadget that connects your computer to a telephone line so you can use online services like the Internet.

monitor : The part of a computer that looks that moves on the screen as you roll the mouse around.

MSN : Microsoft Network, a commercial online service that also offers Internet access.

NNTP : Network News Transfer Protocol, used by Usenet Newsgroups.

OIC : Oh, I see.

OTOH : On the other hand.

point : (mouse) To touch the mouse pointer to same item on the scree. (typography) A unit of measurement equal to approximately 1/ 72 inch.

pointer : Short for "mouse pointer", the thing that moves on the screen as you roll the mouse.

POP : Post Office Protocol, the protocol that defines how incoming messages are stored on your e-mail server.

POTS : Plan Old Telephone System.

primary mouse button : The button that's under your index finger w hen you rest your hand comfortably on the mouse, usually t he left mouse button. 

by Anirudh Kumar
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Glossary - 2nd Post (You should learn)

Glossary - 2 (by me)

dialog box : A windows that offer options for you to choose from.

directory : Another term for "folder, a place on a disk that holds its own collection of files.

domain name : The main name of a resource that's available on the Internet. For example, my domain name is

download : To copy a file from the Internet (or some other computer) to your own PC.

drag : To rest the mouse pointer on some item or selection and then hold down the primary mouse button while moving the mouse.

DUN : An abbreviation for Dial-Up Networking

e-mail :  Mail that's sent electronically across the Internet or a local area network.

emotion : Characters typed to represent an emotion, such as the smiley - :-) used to represent "happy" or "only kidding".

extension : The ending part of a filename, such as .doc or .txt. Windows uses the extension to keep track of which documents go with which programs.

extranet : A network of computers used by two or more businesses that has the look and feel of the internet

FAQ : Frequently Asked Questions.

file : A unit of storage on the disk. For example, any document you create and save will be stored in a file.

folder : A place on the hard disk where you can store files that belong together.

g or or : Grin-used in e-mail messages and such to indicate "only kidding" or "no offense intended".

hard disk : A disk inside the PC that stores windows, all your programs, and documents you save. Named C : on all PCs.

hardware : The PC itself, and any gadget you attach to the PC.

home page : The first page one comes to when visiting a web site.

host : Any computer or device capable of providing services to other computers. Like the host at a party where all the guests are PCs.

HTML : Hypertext Markup Language, a set of codes used to define the appearance of Web pages. Learning to create Web pages requires learning about HTML.

hyperlink : A hot spot on a Web page that you can click to visit another Web page.

IMAP : Internet Message Access Protocol, an e-mail protocol that lets you manage messages without copying them from the server to your own PC.

IMHO : In my humble opinion.

install : To add a program to your computer's hard disk, usually by running its Setup program.

Internet : A huge network of interconnected computers from around the world. Provides popular services like e-mail and the World Wide Web.

by Anirudh Kumar
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